Blood clots serve as the body’s response to injuries or cuts. They help stop potentially dangerous bleeding after critical accidents. However, they can also be dangerous to you, especially when they develop in locations such as your brain or lungs. A detrimental blood clot may require medical attention.
Types and Causes
There are two types of blood clots: venous and arterial. There are also many factors and conditions that can affect the formation of blood clotting, and they include thrombophlebitis, thrombocytosis, stroke, surgery, pulmonary embolism, prolonged sitting or bed rest, and the like.
Medications, such as oral contraceptives, tamoxifen, and hormone therapy drugs can also cause blood clots as a side effect. What’s more, other blood clotting causes include heart attack, heart failure, heart arrhythmias (include atrial fibrillation), pregnancy, and a family history of the blood clots can also increase your risk for this condition.
Signs and Symptoms
Blood clotting are dangerous because they can cause a stroke if they happen within your carotid arteries. The signs of blood clots and symptoms depend on the type of clot. Venous clots can result in a damming effect because they don’t allow blood to return to the heart. Symptoms for a venous clot include pain, redness, warmth, and swelling of the clotted area.
Meanwhile, arterial clots don’t allow blood to get to an affected area. Blood clots symptoms for arterial clots include pain, paleness of the affected body part, loss of sensation, and paralysis. It can also depend on where the clot is located (e.g., near the lungs will cause pulmonary problems, near the heart could cause heart attacks).
Treatment of clotting of blood depends on which kind of blood clot is being treated. Venous clotting of blood can be treated with warm compresses, ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or anticoagulation with anticoagulant medication and treatments like enoxaparin or warfarin.
Arterial clots require aggressive treatment, which includes direct administration of medication to the clot or outright surgery. Alteplase or tenecteplase are common arterial clot drugs. Pulmonary emboli (blockage of the main artery of the lung) are treated the same way as deep venous thrombosis.
Blood clots that are either venous or arterial in nature can be minimized by lifelong attention to risk factors, blood pressure and cholesterol control, refraining from smoking or stopping altogether, and diabetes management. You should also exercise regularly. Change your lifestyle if it’s increasing your risk for blood clots. Also, clotting of blood prevention include a healthy diet or lose weight if you’re obese.