Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes symptoms
How can you detect whether you or your relative have diabetes? Don’t worry!! in this post, I will help you to find top 10 diabetes symptoms, i.e., standard type 1 and type 2 diabetes symptoms. The diabetes warning signs could be so weak that it is almost unnoticeable. Where you are considering going to the bathroom many times, excessive hungry or excessive thirsty usually these symptoms were ignored by the patient. If you have some of the diabetes symptoms doesn’t mean that you have diabetes. But you should concern to doctor as you have a probability of diabetes instead of ignoring it.
The type 1 diabetes symptoms develop very fast over few days or weeks. In the adult, these symptoms usually grow over months Sometimes these symptoms may be unnoticed at first. The type 2 diabetes symptoms develop at a fast rate over a year. Type 2 diabetes symptoms have usually noticed when complications have developed. Here, followings are Top diabetes symptoms with their cause.
1. Polyurea (‘Polus – many + ‘Urea’)
When we suffer from diabetes, our body facing problem in converting Glucose to ATP. As a result, the Glucose, i.e., Sugar remains in the blood in the blood commonly called as Blood Sugar. The sugar which has not used as it cannot be utilized need to get rid. The body flushes it by the process of Urination. The patient goes to the bathroom many times, i.e., frequent urination. Therefore this condition is said ‘Polyurea.’
This is one of the initial diabetes symptoms. It has derived from two Greek words (Polus and dipsia ). ‘Polus’ means many and ‘-dipsia’ is a condition of thirst. Therefore ‘polydipsia’ is an excessive thirst. It causes due to Polyurea. Polyurea cause dehydration in the body.
The person used to drink water to make the body remain hydrated. That is the reason behind polydipsia. Also, the body required the water to get rid of unutilized glucose in the body. Zinc is very popular for reducing symptoms of Polydipsia. Zinc causes the reduction of body fluid.
-Phagia is a suffix meaning to eat or consume. It is a medical term which used to describe excessive hunger or increased appetite. During diabetes, a patient gets less energy to do work. This is due to lack of proper utilization of Glucose. This makes a person hungry many times in a day. this condition is known as polyphagia.
It is a feeling of tiredness. But, it is not a weakness. Many factors lead the sense of hunger. The very first is obvious during diabetes, our body felt fatigue mainly due to the absence of ATP(energy). There is no proper conversion of glucose into energy. Therefore, we could only intake food but failed in utilizing it. Similarly, In the case of “Polyurea,” we are dehydrating continuously. The fatigue is prominent diabetes symptoms.
Nausea is discomfort in the upper stomach with the inclination to vomit. This is diabetes symptoms because of high blood sugar. Hyperglycemia (High blood sugar) and hypoglycemia ( low blood sugar) might cause nausea.
6. Blurred Vision
It is common type 2 diabetes symptoms
The Retina is the thin layered tissue at the back of the eye located near the optic nerve. The eye lens focuses the visible light through a gel like substance called vitreous humor.The retina receives the image that eye lens has focus and transforms it to electrical impulses. Then, these signals are carried by the optic nerve to the brain for visual recognition.
Diabetic retinopathy –It is a medical term used to describe a condition in which diabetes cause damage to the retina.In other words, It is a retinal disorder. Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness. If you have diabetes for 20 years, then there is about 80% probability that you have Diabetic retinopathy. This disorder may be macular edema and proliferative retinopathy. Let discuss them in brief. Both of these disorders could cause Blurred Vision.
- Macular Edema – In simple words, macular edema is swelling or thickening of eye’s macula. The macula is central yellowish part of the retina that helps in the formation of a sharp and central image. Wavy vision and the inability of the eye to distinguish between color are some of its symptoms.In Diabetes, High increasements in blood sugar cause the thickness of blood. This thick blood pulled fluid from neighboring tissues including macula. Thus macula swells due to of fluid affecting our ability to focus the image.
- Proliferative diabetic retinopathy(PDR) – New blood vessels begin to grow on the surface of the retina in a gel like fluid filled in the back medically known as vitreous humor. These small blood vessels causes could cause cloudy or blurred vision when they leak blood and other fluid causing swelling of retinal tissue.
7. Weight Loss
There are two factors causing weight loss in people with diabetes. One of the reason is the water that we lose during urination, i.e., Polyuria. The another reason is our inability in utilizing all the calories from the Glucose that remains in our blood.
8. Slow Healing
The high blood sugar in the body causes stiffness in the arteries which lead to narrowing of the blood vessels. This cause problem during circulation that affects our Healing of wounds or cuts. That’s why Diabetes patient has advised to away from any risks even it is minor.
9. Feet Tingle
The increased blood sugar level cause Diabetic neuropathy. Diabetic neuropathy damages the nerves that have functions to send signals from our hands and also from feet. Diabetic neuropathy could lead numbness or tingle in our fingers, toes, hands, and feet.
10. Genital Itching
Thrush is a yeast infection which leads to affect the moist and warm section of our body like Penis, Vagina, skin, and mouth. We know the yeast feeds on Glucose. Its risks increase in Diabetes patient due to increased blood sugar level.